Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators


Regular Institutions of Higher Education   refer to educational establishments set up according to the government evaluation and approval procedures, enrolling graduates from senior secondary schools and providing higher education courses and training for senior professionals. They include full-time universities, colleges, high professional schools, high professional vocational schools and others.

Universities and colleges are mainly providing undergraduate courses; those high professional schools and high professional vocational schools are mainly providing professional trainings; and others refer to educational establishments, which are responsible for enrolling students but not covered in the total number of schools, including: branch schools of universities and colleges, and universities and colleges that have been proved and prepared to construct.

Institutions of Higher Learning for Adults   refer to educational establishments, set up in line with relevant rules approved by the government, enrolling staff and workers with senior secondary school or equivalent education, and providing higher education courses in many forms of correspondence, spare time, or full time for adults. Professionals thus trained receive a qualification equivalent to graduates studying regular courses at regular universities, colleges and professional colleges. Institutions of higher learning for adults include schools of high education for staff and workers, schools of high education for peasants, colleges for management cadres, pedagogical colleges, independent correspondence colleges, Radio and TV universities and other educational establishments. Other educational establishments are responsible for enrolling adult students but not covered in the number of schools.

Enrollment Rate of Primary School-aged Children   refers to the proportion of school-aged children enrolled at schools to the total number of school-age children both in and outside schools (including retarded children, but excluding blind, deaf and mute children). The formula is:

Enrollment Rate of Primary School-aged Children =Total Primary School-aged Children at Schools/Total Primary School-age Children Both at and Outside Schools×100%

Patent   is an abbreviation for the patent right and refers to the exclusive right of ownership by the inventors or designers for the creation or inventions, given from the patent offices after due process of assessment and approval in accordance with the Patent Law. Patents are granted for inventions, utility models and designs. This indicator reflects the achievements of S&T and design with independent intellectual property.

Enterprise with Patent Application   refers to the industrial enterprise which has submitted patent application to the State Intellectual Property Office or the national intellectual property administration outside China (regional patent organization), received the “Notification of Patent Application Acceptance” and paid off the related fees within the year of report.

Enterprise with Patent Granted   refers to the industrial enterprise which has received the “Notification of Patent Granted” from the State Intellectual Property Office or the national intellectual property administration outside China (regional patent organization) and paid off the related fees within the year of report.

Enterprise with Valid Patents (Cumulative Value)   refers to the industrial enterprise with patents in the status of maintenance by the end of the year of report.

Output Value of Patented Products (Current Price)   refers to the total value of the final patented industrial products produced by the industrial enterprises in the year of report in the form of currency. Refer to the calculation method of “gross industrial output value” stipulated by the state for the calculation of the output value of patented products

Sales Revenue of Patented Products   refers to the total revenue of currency from the sales of the patented products by the industrial enterprises within the year of report.

Inventions   refer to the new technical proposals to the products or methods or their modifications. This is universal core indicator reflecting the technologies with independent intellectual property.

Utility Models   refer to the practical and new technical proposals on the shape and structure of the product or the combination of both. This indicator reflects the condition of technological results with certain technical content.

Designs   refer to the aesthetics and industrially applicable new designs for the shape, pattern and color of the product, or their combinations. This indicator reflects the appearance design achievements with independent intellectual property.

Famous Trade Marks   refer to trade marks publicly known with higher honors. It is also a legal protection.

Well-known Trade Marks   their fames are between famous trade marks and ordinary trade marks. And they are tough reserve force of famous trade marks.

Cultural Institutions   refer to units which have their own organizational system and independent accounting system and specialize in or serve cultural development. They exclude other establishments run by these cultural institutions and amateur cultural groups established by various departments.

Art Troupe   refers to the troupe who is engaged in drama, opera, music, dance, acrobatics or other art performance, opens independent accounts with banks and has self-supporting accounting system; excluding the troupes who are engaged partly in industrial or agricultural activities, partly in art performance and the professional troupes organized by the people.

Number of Spectators at Art Performance   refers to the number of attendants at commercial shows, completely booked shows of free shows given in minority national areas, and does not include the number of spectators at rehearsals for examination and internal shows for study.